How Loud Does a Working Environment Have to Be to Require Ear Defenders?

Those who work in a noisy environment can often find that they are subject to more that the simple rigours of working life. People who find themselves subjected to loud working conditions can often fall victim to hearing conditions, in both the short and the long term. To combat this, many regulations exist designed to encourage the use of hearing protection in such conditions. But attempting to figure out the volume limits is tough, and it can be hard to tell when a workplace moves beyond simply loud into the realm of too loud.

Whilst we often subject ourselves to loud noises for pleasure, during sporting events and rock concerts, finding yourself in a loud working environment can be a little different. As you will likely be spending a large portion of your working life in the same conditions, the measures taken to prevent hearing damage should be strenuous. The most common solution for those who find themselves subject to such conditions is to wear ear defenders. Worn over the outer ear, these devices are available in a number of colours and designs. Should they be required in the work place, your employer should be able to equip you with the right protection.

While many companies are aware of the high volume of the environment and will require you to wear protection, it might simply be a recommended practice in others. To determine whether the protection is necessary, ask yourself several questions:

Does the noise seem intrusive?

Do you need to raise your voice to talk to another person?

Are you part of an industry which is known for loud working conditions, such as construction or manufacturing?

If the answer to the above questions is yes, then it is likely that further steps may need to be taken. From a quantifiable standpoint, the volume levels are often measured and provisions are taken according to decibel measurements. At 80dB, employers are required to provide training and instruction on how to reduce risk, and need to make protective measures available. Those workplaces which are frequently subject to 85dB are expected to take measures to reduce exposure to loud noises and if the measures are unable to have an effect, then hearing protection is required. Any environment above 87dB is considered something to which an employee should not be exposed, taking into account protective measures.

If you find yourself at risk of hearing damage or are beginning to experience difficulty, it is recommended that you talk to your employer in order to reduce the exposure to loud working conditions.

Perfect Europe Vacation Planning

Are you planning to go on a Europe Vacation some day? If so, you have picked an excellent place to venture to, as Europe has great cultural and historical significance, making it a hot locale for travelers. Places like Berlin, London, Venice, Nice, and Paris are very popular for people taking trips abroad. I have some tips for you, expert information, about how you can make your trip to Europe an experience you will never forget.

Keep an Open Mind

You should never settle on a rigid itinerary for your vacation. By traveling to a foreign location, you are giving yourself the opportunity to immerse yourself in a different culture and lifestyle than what you are accredited to. For that reason, you should try looking into short-term rentals on homes and apartments. It is actually a very common practice in that part of the world, and you will find that renting is much cheaper than hotels or resorts. This will give you the opportunity to go into the streets and meet people, allowing you to learn more about the people and lifestyle of that country. That is the best way to have an unforgettable experience.


If you are looking for a more stable vacation, sometimes you should contact a travel agent and purchase a vacation package. Packages range in price, but you may be able to find a sale if you look hard enough. A discount package price will allow you to save more money for spending while you're in Europe. The benefit of vacation packages is that they will make sure you are on tours that explore all of the major attractions of a location, allowing for a worry- free vacation.

Bargain Vacations

The true key to getting a discount on a vacation, no matter where you go, is flexibility. You can save a great deal by taking advantage of bargains that only come up at certain times of the year and at certain places. These vacations are great if you can be flexible with:

* Which of the airlines you choose

* Which cruises you want to go on

* What you want to eat

* Where you want to stay

* When you want you leave

For example, if you have no particular goal in mind, but you just want to see Europe, then you will be able to find cheaper rates for traveling and staying in certain nations. Do not wait until the last-minute to start planning your vacation!

Stretching Every Dollar (or Euro)

Keep in mind that in other countries, prices are often times negotiable. Depending on where you go, especially in countries with weaker economies, you can often times haggle on the prices of your purchases, which will help you save a lot. This usually does not work with large-scale franchise businesses, but will almost always work with small local businesses.

Also, if you choose to eat at restaurants, a local restaurant is good in this respect because they will generally offer you lower prices then places that you are accredited to seeing in America. Remember, if you really want to make the most of your European vacation, then save money every chance you get, it will allow you to spend more on the things you like!

Forex Education – 4 Tips for Getting the Best Education To Win

Forex trading looks simple yet few succeed – 95% of new traders lose their money and only 5% win. This may seem an odd fact when anyone has the potential to learn forex trading.

The answer is most traders simply learn the wrong forex education and this article will give 4 tips to get the right education and win.

Firstly the growth of the internet has led to a lot more information becoming available to forex traders and some of it is very good – but most of it is junk and will simply ensure you lose and this leads us to our first tip.

1. Be wary of vendors selling education on the net

Most of them make me laugh for $ 100 or so I can get a system to make me regular profits every day, trade with 80% accuracy or even make me a millionaire – all for a few hundred dollars!

Do not buy them – they will not help your forex education.

There simply marketing guys not traders – if they were, they would shut up and trade for themselves, if making money was as easy as they say they would not need me or you.

2. Do not learn the wrong Knowledge!

There are many myths that have beenpetrated on the net mostly by vendors and let's start with the largest one – forex day trading works.

No it does not, day traders do not make money – period

All short term volatility is random, so it can not – that's why you never see a day trader with a real time track record of profits.

Scientific theories are a great way to make money, another stupid myth.

If markets moved to scientific theory, we would all know the price in advance and there would be no market, yet new traders still learn junk theories like Elliot wave and Fibonacci numbers, lose and wonder why.

3. Get Knowledge from the real pro's

You can do this simply by going to and you can get some really good forex education from traders who have walked the walk, rather than simply talk the talk.

For about $ 100 or so you can get some great advice (see our top 10 books for traders) and get them. They will inspire you and give you a good solid grounding in what it takes to be a successful forex trader.

This is an investment in your forex education that is well worth the money.

4. Work Smart Not Hard

Forex education involves working smart not hard and learning the right knowledge.

If you want to learn forex trading ALL that you need to build a successful system is available free on the net.

See our other articles, there is some great information on technical analysis, formations and indicators and it's all free.

You do not get rewarded for the effort you put into forex trading you get your reward from being right with your forex signals – nothing else. All you need to do is get the right info and you can become a successful trader.


In 1983 Legendary trader Richard Dennis to prove that traders could be taught took 23 traders with no trading experience and taught them to trade in 14 days.

These traders went on to make Dennis $ 100 million dollars! The story is told in "The way of the turtle" and also Market Wizards – Get these books and you will see that Dennis made them focus on the RIGHT education to win with no filler.

Now you may not make as much money as the turtles but anyone can learn to trade and learn to win if they focus on the right education – you just need to find it digest it, apply it and hopefully this article will have pointed you in the right direction – Good luck.

Family Vacation Ideas – Family Fun at the Grand Canyon

Are you looking for some family vacation ideas? Consider a trip to the Grand Canyon for your next family vacation. There are no words that fully describe it and pictures can not capture the incredible beauty of this 277-mile long, one-mile deep wonder. The Grand Canyon is located approximately two and a half hours north of Phoenix, in Northern Arizona. July is the warmest month for the Grand Canyon, but because of the higher elevation, the average highs are only 84 degrees, while the lows dip down to around 50. Compare this to Phoenix where the average high this time of year is 104 degrees.

There is lodging at the Grand Canyon, but space is limited and generally more expensive than nearby hotels. Williams, Arizona is about 30 miles south of the Grand Canyon, and is a great little town to stay in while exploring the area. It offers a wide range of accommodations and restaurants, beautiful Ponderosa pine trees, clear, crisp air, and a variety of outdoor activities.

The Grand Canyon Railway leaves from Williams and offers several classes of vintage train service to the Grand Canyon. This is a great way to get from Williams to the Grand Canyon, and journeying to the canyon by rail offers a fun and unique travel experience for your family. Along the way, enjoy 65 miles of Grand Canyon Country views and Old West entertainment.

The most popular tour of the Grand Canyon is by car and bus around the South Rim. It is open year-round and features easily accessible trails and outlooks. It also has shops, hotels, and several restaurants. In addition to viewing the stunning scenery, visitors can hike, camp, take mule rides, or go on a rafting trip. For those hiking to the canyon floor, be aware that temperatures in July and August can be substantially higher than those at the rim.

Whether you visit the South Rim, West Rim, North Rim, or some other part of the canyon, it will certainly be a memorable trip for your entire family. Even if you have seen hundreds of photos in the past, there is no way to really appreciate the beauty of this area until you actually visit it. The Grand Canyon is truly magnificent. Have a safe and wonderful trip!